We all know the function of the heart. We know that the heart plays a very important role for humans. This one organ pumps blood which carries oxygen throughout the body. Without a heart, of course humans will not be able to live. Therefore humans must maintain heart health. It can be started with a healthy diet and diligent exercise. Heart disease can be very dangerous because it can result in death. Everyone can get heart disease. But apparently, heart disease is the most common cause of death for women in the United States. Some symptoms of heart disease experienced by women are different from those experienced by men. Fortunately, women can take steps to understand the symptoms of Heart diseases in women that only occur to them.
The symptoms of Heart disease in women
Symptoms of a heart attack for women generally consist of several types of pain, pressure, or chest discomfort. But it feel is not too severe or extreme. Many women also experience a heart attack without any symptoms of chest pain. Symptoms of heart disease in women are not always associated with chest pain. The symptoms of heart disease that may be experienced by women include:
– Discomfort in the neck, jaw, shoulders, upper back and abdomen
– Hard to breathe
– Pain in the arm
– Nausea or vomiting
– Head feels dizzy
– Unusual fatigue
Symptoms of heart disease in women are usually smoother than chest pain that is often associated with heart disease. Usually in women, chest pain is often described as pain due to pressure or feeling tight. This may be due to a blockage that does not only occur in the main artery but also in the smaller arteries that supply blood to the heart, a condition referred to as small vessel heart disease or coronary microvascular disease. Usually these symptoms in women appear more often when a woman is resting or even while sleeping. Mental stress also triggers the symptoms of a Heart attack in women. Usually, heart disease in women is only found when it has happened. Because symptoms in women are usually not always related to heart disease. If you experience Heart attack symptoms as explained above, you should immediately call for medical assistance.
Factors That Cause Heart Disease in Women
Some of the main factors that cause heart disease include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and obesity. These factors can affect both women and men. But in the case of women, there is a greater role in the development of heart disease. These factors include:
Women who suffer from diabetes are more at risk of developing heart disease compared to men.
- Stress / depression
In mental health, women are more affected by this condition. Depression makes it difficult to maintain a healthy lifestyle and follow the recommended treatment, so you should contact your doctor if you experience symptoms of depression. Research shows that irritation or anger can trigger a heart attack. Most people deal with stress by drinking alcohol, smoking, and overeating. All of these things can actually affect the heart. How to deal with stress properly is of course to recognize your emotional health. Of course also by finding people who will always support you.
Physical activity can also be done to help relieve stress. For example with yoga and relaxation therapy. You can also consider taking a stress management program. Depression triples the risk of coronary heart disease. Depression also makes it difficult for you to maintain a healthy lifestyle. It is best to consult with your doctor if you feel experiencing symptoms of depression, for example, feeling hopeless or losing interest in everyday life. Usually the doctor will recommend counselling or administering medicines that can help in these conditions.
In women, smoking habits have a greater risk of heart disease.
- Lack of activity
Lack of physical activity is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. Some studies also show that it turns out women are less active than men.
During menopause, low estrogen levels are a significant factor in developing heart disease, especially in smaller blood vessels (coronary microvascular disease).
- Heart failure
It is often caused due to a stressful condition, which causes a failure of the severe heart muscle. It usually occurs in women who have experienced menopause. This condition is also called taktosubo cardiomyopathy, apicall ballooning syndrome, and stress cardiomyopathy.
- Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer
Some chemotherapy drugs and radiation used to treat cancer, such as breast cancer, can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Complications of pregnancy
During pregnancy, women have high blood pressure so they can increase long-term risk for women. Some studies show that many women experience complications such as high blood pressure or diabetes. The risk of heart disease in the future is increasing.
Women who experience inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, usually also have a high risk of heart disease as inflammation is one of the clear case of Heart problem symptoms.
Several ways to prevent heart diseases
Many more studies have been developed to find out the causes of heart disease in women. So is heart disease easier to attack in older women? The answer is no. Women of all ages must respond to heart disease such as Heart valve disease, heart attack, and other more seriously. In cases in the field, women under the age of 65 are more often affected by heart disease. Especially for those who have a medical history of a family with heart disease, of course you need to pay attention to this one thing. In fighting heart disease, there are a number of things you can do like:
– Quit smoking
For women who smoke, you should try to stop. Smoking basically can increase the risk for you to get coronary heart disease. In addition it will also increase the risk of a heart attack and Heart diseases in women. It’s best to try talking to your doctor about the program to avoid cigarette smoke. If you find it difficult to stop smoking, you can join a support group that helps.
– Exercise regularly
Regular physical activity can reduce many risk factors for coronary heart disease, including high LDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, as well as excess body weight. Physical activity can also reduce the risk of diabetes and increase your HDL cholesterol levels. Before starting exercise, you can discuss with your doctor about the planned exercise that will be done. It will be safer if you ask in advance the type of physical activity that is suitable and safe for you. Most people use only about 60 minutes a day. Next will be discussed further about physical activity for heart disease.
– Maintain a healthy weight
Maintaining a healthy weight can begin with a healthy diet. This healthy diet includes consuming various kinds of vegetables and fruits. Vegetables and fruits consumed can be fresh, canned, frozen, or dried. It’s better if you fill half of your plate with vegetables and fruits. A healthy diet also includes consuming whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, and protein foods, such as lean meat, skinless poultry, seafood, processed soy products, nuts, seeds, nuts, and nuts pod. Even better if you reduce the consumption of foods containing sodium (salt). Too much salt can increase your risk for high blood pressure. Studies show that diet can reduce blood pressure. You should also avoid foods that contain sugar, such as soft drinks. Reduce the amount of solid fat you eat. Solid fat is saturated fat and trans fatty acids.
Believe it or not, alcohol can actually be involved in preventing heart disease. But do it with moderation. Research shows that drinking alcohol regularly in small amounts can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. But women should not drink more than one alcoholic drink a day. One glass a day can reduce your risk of CHD, by increasing your HDL cholesterol levels. One drink can be wine, beer or a little liquor. If you do not consume alcohol, then this method is not a recommendation for you. You should not consume alcohol while pregnant. If you have other health conditions, alcohol use can also be harmful. Too much alcohol can actually cause weight gain while increasing blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Even for women, drinking once a day can increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
In addition, women also need to take medication that has been prescribed appropriately if they experience several factors that can be at risk for heart disease. For example, such as blood pressure medications, blood thinners, and aspirin. It is important for women to take care of things that are at risk for this heart disease.
Exercises and sports that are recommended for women to decrease the risk of heart disease
Actually the exercise carried out to maintain heart health does not need to be difficult. The form of exercise carried out can be in the form of a quick step every day of the week. Recommended exercise time is 150 minutes a week for moderate aerobic activity, 75 minutes a week for heavy aerobic activity, and a combination of moderate and strong activities about 30 minutes a day, five days a week. If you want to get more benefits, try spending 300 minutes of moderate aerobic or 150 minutes of heavy aerobics in a week. Approximately that time can be divided into 60 minutes a day. If you don’t have one hour a day, physical activity can still be done by dividing it into several sessions for 10 minutes a day.
Exercise can also be done in the form of interval training, where you alternately carry out light and heavy activities within a certain distance. For example by combining short jogging or walking fast. This interval training can help you burn more calories than exercise continuously. It can also help you maintain a healthier body weight while maintaining your heart. Small changes in physical activity will have different effects. In fact, you can also do simple daily activities such as climbing stairs, walking, riding a bicycle, or sit ups while watching television in order to get a normal Heart rate zones.
One way to avoid heart disease is to maintain weight so as not to overdo it. Maybe people have different assumptions regarding healthy weight. But basically, a healthy weight is a weight that has a normal body mass index. The way to measure it is to use height and weight. This can help you to find out what percentage of body fat is healthy or not. This can be related to how much you risk heart disease.
Measuring waist circumference is also one way to measure whether you are overweight or not. For women, a waist size greater than 35 inches (89 cm) is included in being overweight. Reducing a little weight can help reduce blood pressure while reducing the risk of diabetes, both of which can cause heart disease.
Treatment of Heart Disease in Women
Nothing is much different from heart care for women and men. Treatment provided also includes administration of drugs, angioplasty and stenting, and coronary bypass surgery. Angioplasty and stenting are treatments commonly used for heart attacks, this method is effective in men and women. But for women who don’t experience chest pain, this option is usually not offered. In women heart symptoms that lead to coronary microvascular disease will be given medication as well as handling a lifestyle change. Doctors can also recommend cardiac rehabilitation to improve health and recovery from heart disease.
In some cases, women are given drugs in the form of daily aspirin. Therapy that uses aspirin daily is done to prevent heart disease in women. For women over 65 years of age, it is recommended to take 81 milligrams of aspirin to prevent heart disease. For women under 65 years of age aspirin is also used for stroke prevention. But taking aspirin to prevent heart disease should not be done alone. We recommend that you first discuss with your doctor about this. Because not only benefits can be taken from aspirin, but there are also risks that must be considered.
Maintaining Heart Health
To prevent heart disease in women such as Heart valve leakage, heart attack and more, it’s time we all always feel alert and careful. Maintaining health is the main thing that should not be forgotten. Even not only heart health that must be maintained, but also includes maintaining overall body health. Especially also exercising, eating healthy foods, and maintaining mental health. In a woman’s body, more factors can increase the risk of heart disease, especially in the case of a heart attack. Handling of heart disease is very long and will cost little. So it will feel better for you to take care of your body. There is nothing wrong if you now prevent Heart diseases in women from happening later on at risk.